ESRI Discussion Paper Series No.40
Who Supports Redistribution?

June, 2003
Fumio Ohtake
(Professor, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University)
Jun Tomioka
(Graduate Student, Graduate School of Economics Osaka University)

The full text is written in Japanese.


Using an original dataset, we investigated the determinants of individual preferences over income redistribution in Japan. Although income is negatively correlated with support for redistribution, it does not explain very much; there are other important factors, which relate to dynamics and uncertainty such as income risk. Even after controlling for income, risk-averse individuals and those who expect to be unemployed in the future show a strong tendency to support greater redistribution. Interaction of aging and mobility seems strong and important. Younger people are less favorable to redistribution, whereas the relatively poor elderly support governments that redistribute income extensively.

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