ESRI Discussion Paper Series No.296
An Analysis of Unmarried Men’s Attitudes to Marriage and Family Focusing on Non-Regular Employees: Empirical Evidence from Survey Data.

Junko Uchino
Executive Research Fellow, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office
Aki Iijima
Research Fellow, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office
Tomoya Takahashi
Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office


This paper examines the association among employment status and attitudes to marriage, family and job focusing on non-regular employees. Data for this paper was compiled through a web-based questionnaire survey, conducted in September and October 2011.

Chapter 1 introduces results of the survey; both regular and non-regular employees show similar perceptions toward marriage and family, however, non-regular employees show passive attitudes toward marriage due to anxiety about employment and income status in the future.

In Chapter 2, we analyzed whether employment status in associated with motivation toward marriage focusing on non-regular employees. Our results suggest;

  • 1) in the 20-29 age group, although employees with shorter working hours tend to have low motivation toward marriage and having a child; non-regular employees working full-time have similar attitudes to regular employees
  • 2) in the 30-39 age group, non-regular employees working full-time show more passive attitude than regular employees
  • 3) regarding a whole generation in the survey, we find that non-regular employees with more willingness to marry and/or more anxiety about future employment tend to show more motivation to become regular employees.

These results suggest that, if an unmarried man stays at non-regular position, he marries late or tends to be passive on marriage despite his present willingness to marriage.

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