ESRI Discussion Paper Series No.326
The Role of Productivity Growth Rates for Rising Inequality in an Economy with Heterogeneous Agents

Atsumasa Kondo
Research Fellow, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan

Abstract

This paper examines the dynamic properties of equilibrium paths in a simple general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents. Heterogeneity is characterized by productivity growth rates in addition to the discount factors of agents for their future utilities. The consumption levels of impatient agents converge to 0 as time passes if their discount factors are sufficiently small and their productivity growth rates are not too high. The result can be interpreted as the emergence of rising inequality. The sufficient conditions can be reworded as follows: the discount factors of impatient agents are smaller than the "market's long-term discount factor", i.e., 1/(1+r).

  • Keywords: inequality, heterogeneous agents, productivity growth rates, discount factors
  • JEL Classification Numbers: D24, D31

Structure of the whole text(PDF-Format 1 File)

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  2. Abstract
  3. page1
    1. Introduction
  4. page3
    2. Model
  5. page4
    3. The Ramsey-Becker Result
    1. page5
      3.1 Assumptions
    2. page6
      3.2 Preliminaries
    3. page8
      3.3 Main Results
  6. page11
    4. Numerical Example
  7. page12
    5. Concluding Remarks
  8. page12
    Appendix
  9. page13
    References
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